Home Composting

Yard Waste Materials
  • Chopped corn stalk or cobs
  • Grass clippings
  • Hay
  • Hedge clippings
  • Plant refuse from the garden
  • Sawdust
  • Shredded newspaper
  • Sod
  • Straw
  • Tree leaves
  • Weeds
  • Wood ashes
  • Yard Waste Items
Kitchen Waste Materials
  • Coffee grounds (including paper filter)
  • Eggs shells
  • Food scraps.
  • Fruit and vegetable peels
  • Tea bags
The only exceptions are grease, fat, meat scraps, and bones.
Composting Steps
  1. Start with a pile of tree leaves and other organic plant materials. Mix in kitchen waste material. Place a thin layer of soil on top and continue to add to the pile.
  2. Turn pile on a monthly basis, except during the winter months.
  3. To aid in decomposition, the pile should be kept damp, but not wet. Add water to the pile to keep it moist.
  4. Compost should be ready in approximately 4 to 6 months.
Options for Ways to Use Compost
Finished compost can be used in the following ways:
  • Add to your garden in the spring or fall. Turn the garden soil and then apply compost in a 1 - 3 inch layer.
  • Compost can be mixed with either garden soil or potting soil in a 50-50 ratio to use for container gardening. The compost adds nutrients and texture to encourage plant growth.
  • Compost can also be used as a mulch. Spread compost around any garden plants, under bushes, and around trees. For young plants, a 2 - 3 inch layer of compost often works well. Mulching helps hold in moisture, reduces weeds, and gradually feeds organic matter to the soil and plant roots. Compost is especially useful as mulch in the hottest, driest periods of the summer.